Colitis causes


colitis causesThe term colitis is defined as an inflammatory process that can affect the colon, or only one in its segment. You can distinguish colitis in primary and secondary, where the former are those whose causes they develop their business-type pathogen in the colon, while the latter relate to diseases related to other organs.
Colitis can be further subdivided into acute and chronic. In acute colitis, the onset is usually sudden, with severe abdominal cramping, constipation and diarrhea often alternate.



The most widespread type of colitis and less serious, is the irritable colon syndrome, characterized by bothersome abdominal pain, constipation or, conversely, diarrhea. The function of the colon is that of transit of the fecal mass, absorption of water and electrolytes. The fecal transit is a process that may last between 12 and 36 hours. If the transit is too fast, the absorption of water is insufficient and this will cause diarrhea and dehydration. On the contrary, if the transit is too slow there will be excessive absorption of liquids that cause dryness of the feces and the consequent difficulty in evacuating.



Causes of colitis

colitis-causesThe irritable bowel syndrome is also called spastic colitis and affects about 15% of the adult population. Since it is a disorder of the digestive system, we tend to believe that it is only connected to the causes of food-grade, but in reality it is not, in fact, most of the times this disorder is caused by a strong psychological stress. The hormonal substances released under the stimulus nervous going to act on the brain as well as on the digestive system. Basically, what happens in the brain has a direct effect on bowel function. Stress, anxiety, tension, frustration, discomfort, malaise, agitation, anger restrained and intense emotions can cause contraction of the walls of the colon, giving rise to the typical symptoms of colitis.
Among the causes of the appearance or worsening of colitis we also have a improper diet, characterized by poor hydration and inadequate intake of fiber, intolerance to certain foods, such as lactose, menstruation, as the intestine shows a remarkable sensitivity hormonal changes induced by the menstrual cycle alterations in the bacterial flora, with an increase of pathogenic microorganisms and chronic parasitic infestation of intestine.